Resort at Redang Island, Terengganu
Redang Island, locally known as Pulau Redang or just "Redang" is one
of the largest islands off the east coast of Malaysia. It is a popular
holiday island for Malaysians, most of whom come on package deals to
one of the resorts. Redang is one of nine islands, which form a marine
park, and which offer snorkeling and diving opportunities. Access is
from Merang or Kuala Terengganu on boats operated by the resorts;
there is also a small airport with services operated by Berjaya Air
from Singapore (Seletar Airport) and Kuala Lumpur (Sultan Abdul Aziz
Pulau Redang is located in the South China Sea off the East Coast of
Peninsular Malaysia within 5°44' - 5°50' North latitude and 102°59' -
103°5' East longitude. It lies about 45 km north-northeast of Kuala
Terengganu, the state capital of Terengganu, and about 22 km off Tanjung Merang, the closest point on the mainland.
The first settlers of Pulau Redang were believed to be the Bugis from
Celebes, Indonesia. They established their first village at Teluk
Kalong and later moved south to Pulau Pinang ("betel nut palm
island"), the island where the Marine Park Centre is located.
Until recently, Kampung Air ("water village") at Pulau Redang was home
to a community of about 250 fishermen families believed to be
descendants of these original Bugis settlers. Many have since left the
fishing trade and moved into the rapidly growing tourism industry.
When Kampung Air was torn down in 2001, a number of these families
were relocated to the village inland, while others chose to move back
to the mainland.
Pulau Redang and its neighbouring islands became a protected Malaysian
Marine Park in 1991 and is currently managed by the Ministry of
Natural Resources and Environment (NRE), Malaysia. Impact from human
activities are managed to protect the marine environment and to
conserve its coral reefs.